The Royal College of Art(RCA) is a public research university in London. It offers postgraduate degrees in art and design to students from over 60 countries; it is the only entirely postgraduate art and design university in the world.
From 2015 onwards, the RCA has consistently placed first in the QS World University Rankings in the Art and Design subject area.
The RCA was founded in Somerset House in 1837 as the Government School of Design[ or Metropolitan School of Design. In 1853 it was expanded and moved to Marlborough House, and then to South Kensington, on the same site as the South Kensington Museum. It was renamed the Normal Training School of Art in 1857 and the National Art Training School in 1863. During the later 19th century it was primarily a teacher training college; pupils during this period included George Clausen,Christopher Dresser,Luke Fildes,Kate Greenaway and Gertrude Jekyll.
Teaching of graphic design,industrial design and product design began in the mid-twentieth century. The school expanded further in the 1960s, and in 1967 it received a Royal Charter which gave it the status of an independent university with the power to grant its own degrees.
The RCA has two campuses, in South Kensington and in Battersea. The Darwin Building in Kensington Gore dates from the 1960s and is a Grade II listed building. It was designed by a team of RCA staff members, H. T. Cadbury-Brown,Hugh Cassonand Robert Goodden.
The RCA offers Graduate Diploma,MA,MRes, MPhil and PhD degrees in twenty-eight subject areas, divided into four schools:architecture, arts & humanities,communication, and design. The history of design programme is in collaboration with the Victoria and Albert Museum; there are two double MA/MSc programmes in design engineering with Imperial College London, one of which also includes periods of study at Keio University in Tokyo and at the Pratt Institute in New York.
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