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What is information technology (IT)?

Information technology (IT) is a business sector that concerns the storage, retrieval, transmission, and manipulation of data, and any system that facilitates communication, including software, hardware, and telecommunications. Professionals in the IT sector work in domains such as server administration, data analysis, network, programming, and cybersecurity.

As our world becomes more and more digitized, information systems and technologies will play an even bigger role in global infrastructures and day-to-day activities, and the demand for tech-savvy individuals with IT skills and knowledge will continue to rise. If you’re considering a career in tech, you’re in luck — there are virtually endless study and work opportunities on the horizon.

Read on to learn more about the ins and outs of studying for a degree in IT, and find an IT program that’s right for you!

Information Technology

Why should I study IT abroad?

Information technology is vital to modern industry and business. A degree in IT can help prepare you for the global job market of tomorrow, and set you on a path towards advancement in your future career. Studying information technology is not only a great way to boost your computer literacy, but will also give you the chance to learn technical skills such as data analytics, coding, web design, and HTML, which can be applied in a variety of different careers, regardless of whether they’re in the technology sector or not.

While computer science is the most well-known area of study in the IT field, IT degrees nowadays cover a vast array of subjects, from software engineering and game design to data science and information systems. Many IT students will earn a Bachelor’s or even a Master’s degree, but there are also shorter diploma / certificate programs that can help you upskill in IT, which can range anywhere from 4 months to 2 years.

Regardless of your academic or professional goals, there are a variety of options available if you’re looking to study IT abroad:

What is the job outlook for IT graduates?

Since the IT job market is booming, there are plenty of career opportunities for graduates with information technology degrees. According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, employment in the IT sector is projected to grow 13 percent by 2026, with the addition of more than 557,100 new jobs. Tech jobs are also dominating Business Insider’s list of the 50 best jobs in America for 2019, based on job satisfaction, number of job openings, and median base salary. For the fourth consecutive year, Data Scientist is the number-one job in America, with DevOps engineer, data engineer, and software engineer also ranking in the Top 10. Other IT-related positions featured in the list include Java Developer, UX Designer, Security Engineer, Product Designer, Data Analyst, and Systems Administrator.

In addition to the multitude of career opportunities for IT graduates in the current job market, a degree in information technology can also boost your earning potential. Because working in the IT sector requires a range of technical and analytical skills, salaries for IT professionals tend to be higher than salaries in other sectors, although this can vary by occupation, industry, organization, and geographic location.

Here are some average salary statistics for entry-level jobs in the IT sector, obtained from Payscale:

Job Role & Average Entry-Level Salary

  • Data Scientist - $89,000
  • Security Engineer - $77,000
  • UX Designer - $70,000
  • Systems Administrator - $53,000
  • Software Developer - $65,000


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